Here’s what you need to know:
- White House: Anyone who has left New York should self-quarantine.
- Trump expressed outrage at having to ‘close the country’ to curb the spread of the virus.
- New York’s case count is doubling every three days, says the governor, who is emerging as a national leader.
- The country’s second-biggest state is not on lockdown.
- Stocks surge on promise of a bailout as companies and workers navigate the crisis.
- Slow U.S. response to the virus created missed opportunities to make ventilators.
- A teenager died in Southern California, one of the youngest victims in the United States.
White House: Anyone who has left New York should self-quarantine.
Experts on the White House Coronavirus Task Force expressed alarm on Tuesday over infection rates in New York City, and advised people who have passed through or left the city to place themselves into 14-day quarantine.
Dr. Deborah Birx, the coronavirus response coordinator, said new infection hot spots on Long Island indicate that people leaving the city are already spreading the virus.
“Everybody who was in New York should be self-quarantining for the next 14 days to ensure the virus doesn’t spread to others no matter where they have gone, whether it’s Florida, North Carolina or out to far reaches of Long Island,” she said.
New York City is now being treated the way parts of China and Europe have been viewed, as an epidemiological hot zone. On Tuesday, Gov. Ron DeSantis of Florida expanded his efforts to quarantine visitors from New York, saying he would sign an order extending a self-isolation requirement to anyone who had traveled from the New York area in the last three weeks. Dr. Birx said that about 60 percent of all the new cases in the country were coming out of the metro New York area.
“New York City definitely is a very hot spot,” President Trump said.
Vice President Mike Pence made it clear that New York City is now the nation’s epicenter: “We have to deal with the New York metropolitan area as a high-risk area,” he said, telling New Yorkers, “We are with you.”
Trump expressed outrage at having to ‘close the country’ to curb the spread of the virus.
Even as nations from Britain to India declare nationwide economic lockdowns, President Trump said he “would love to have the country opened up, and just raring to go, by Easter,” less than three weeks away, a goal that top health professionals have called far too quick.
“I think it’s possible, why not?” he said with a shrug.
Participating in a town hall hosted by Fox News on Tuesday, he expressed outrage about having to “close the country” to curb the spread of the coronavirus and indicated that his guidelines on business shutdowns and social distancing would soon be lifted.
“I gave it two weeks,” he said, adding, “We can socially distance ourselves and go to work.”
But at a late afternoon news conference, he softened his tone, saying his priority is the health and safety of the American people.
At the news conference, Dr. Anthony Fauci, the director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, sought to refine Mr. Trump’s Easter timeline, saying it would not pertain to hot spots like New York. There could be “flexibility in different areas” based on data, he said.
”We need to know what’s going on in those areas in the country where there isn’t an obvious outbreak,” Dr. Fauci said. “It’s a flexible situation.”
Other health experts, however, have warned that a patchwork state-by-state approach alone could not contain a virus that doesn’t respect state borders.
Both Mr. Trump and Vice President Mike Pence said that a lockdown had never been under consideration for the United States. Mr. Pence told Fox News viewers that talk of it was misinformation that has circulated online.
“I can tell you that at no point has the White House coronavirus task force discussed a nationwide lockdown,” he said, answering a question from a viewer on the phone.
Mr. Trump fell back on his comparison of the coronavirus to the flu, saying that despite losing thousands of people to the flu, “We don’t turn the country off.”
States including California, Maryland, Illinois and Washington have declared stay-at-home or shutdown orders, but other states have been looking for directives from the Trump administration. And countries in Asia are beginning to see a resurgence of coronavirus after easing up on restrictions.
Mr. Trump has struck a remarkably different tone from other world leaders. In Italy, which has more coronavirus deaths than any other country, Prime Minister Giuseppe Conte announced on Tuesday that he was raising the fines on people who defy the lockdown order.
And in France, a scientific council that has been advising President Emmanuel Macron on the epidemic said that it was “indispensable” that authorities extend confinement measures beyond the initial 15-day period, possibly for a full six weeks.
New York’s case count is doubling every three days, says the governor, who is emerging as a national leader.
As the outbreak picked up pace in New York, Gov. Andrew M. Cuomo, who had adopted a friendly tone toward Mr. Trump, came close on Tuesday to chastising the federal government, which he said had so far sent only 400 much-needed ventilators to New York City.
“You want a pat on the back for sending 400 ventilators,” Mr. Cuomo said. “What are we going to do with 400 ventilators when we need 30,000 ventilators?”
Mr. Trump swiftly lashed out at Mr. Cuomo: “I watch him on this show complaining,” Mr. Trump said, before criticizing Mr. Cuomo for earlier failing to buy ventilators at “a great price.”
Mr. Cuomo, speaking at the Javits Center in Manhattan, which the Army Corps is retrofitting into a 1,000-bed emergency hospital, said the rate of new coronavirus infections in New York is doubling about every three days. “We haven’t flattened the curve,” he said.
The peak of infection in New York could come in as little as two to three weeks, far earlier than previously anticipated, Mr. Cuomo said. The state now projects that it may need as many as 140,000 hospital beds to house virus patients, he said, up from the 110,000 projected a few days ago. As of now, only 53,000 are available.
As of Tuesday morning, New York State had 25,665 cases, with at least 157 deaths. There were around 15,000 cases in New York City alone.
Mr. Cuomo, once considered a bit player on the national stage, is emerging as the party’s most prominent voice in a time of crisis. His briefings — articulate, consistent and often tinged with empathy — have become must-see television. On Tuesday, his address was carried live on all four networks in New York and a raft of cable news stations, including CNN, MSNBC and even Fox News.
In a sign of the way Mr. Cuomo has become the face of the Democratic Party in this moment, his address even pre-empted an appearance by former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr. on ABC’s “The View” in New York. Mr. Biden called Mr. Cuomo’s briefings a “lesson in leadership,” and others have described them as communal therapy sessions.
The country’s second-biggest state is not on lockdown.
Gov. Greg Abbott on Tuesday continued to resist calls to issue a statewide order to keep millions of Texans in their homes as protection against the fast-moving virus, but he used strong language to encourage Texans to stay indoors. “The best thing that you can do to ensure that we are not spreading Covid-19 in the state of Texas is stay home, unless you need to be out,” Mr. Abbott said, referring to the disease caused by the coronavirus.
The country’s second-biggest state has been improvising its way through the crisis, influenced at times by the sheer span of Texas, by its partisan divides, by its rural-versus-urban split, by its top leaders’ support of Mr. Trump and by its small-government, low-regulation mythos.
A regulatory patchwork has unfolded in recent days, with restrictions, curfews and stay-at-home orders that change from county to county. Lacking a statewide mandate, several cities and counties have issued their own stay-at-home orders for residents, covering cities like Dallas, San Antonio, Austin, Houston, Fort Worth, Arlington and El Paso.
In cities like Amarillo and in much of rural West Texas, there is relative freedom of movement, although even many small towns have followed Mr. Abbott’s previous orders and shut bars and banned dining-in at restaurants.
Texas has more than 700 confirmed cases of the coronavirus and 11 deaths, with most of the cases in major metropolitan areas. In nearly 190 of the state’s 254 counties, the most of any state, there are no confirmed cases at all.
“Trying to apply a one-size-fits-all solution just doesn’t work,” said Mark Henry, the county judge and top elected official in Galveston County, which issued a local stay-at-home order.
In Waco on Monday, Mayor Kyle Deaver announced a citywide stay-at-home order for the city’s 138,000 residents. “We’re Americans and we’re Texans and we’re used to our independence and freedom, and I hate taking that away from us,” Mr. Deaver said. “But we must do this together if we’re going to get through this quickly.”
See Which States and Cities Have Told Residents to Stay at Home
As states attempt to stop the spread of coronavirus, more than half of all Americans will soon be under instructions to stay at home.
Stocks surge on promise of a bailout as companies and workers navigate the crisis.
The S&P 500 had its biggest daily gain since 2008 on Tuesday, rising more than 9 percent, as Congress neared agreement on a stimulus bill to stabilize America’s faltering economy. Shares of companies likely to receive bailouts, such as airlines, cruise lines and casinos, soared. Norwegian Cruise Lines was the best performing stock in the S&P 500 on Tuesday, jumping more than 40 percent, while Delta, American Airlines and United Airlines all rose more than 20 percent.
But investors are still fragile and could sour on stocks if the promised deal hits a snag again. The U.S. government will report weekly jobless claims on Thursday, and some analysts expect the data to show that millions of Americans became unemployed last week.
At Facebook, skyrocketing traffic is stressing the company’s systems just as its 45,000 employees are dealing with working remotely for the first time. “We’re just trying to keep the lights on over here,” Mark Zuckerberg, Facebook’s chief executive, said in an interview.
Gig workers like Uber and Lyft drivers typically have not been able to collect unemployment benefits or take paid sick leave because they are independent contractors, not employees. Even in California and New York, which have moved to classify drivers as employees, drivers face bureaucratic hurdles because Uber and Lyft do not report drivers’ income or pay into unemployment funds.
Slow U.S. response to the virus created missed opportunities to make ventilators.
If the Trump administration had reacted to the nation’s ventilator shortage in February, a private sector effort starting now might have made lifesaving equipment in mid- to late April. Now it is unlikely to be before June.
Ford’s chief executive, Jim Hackett, announced on Tuesday that the carmaker would team up with General Electric to build ventilators, he tempered the good news with a note of caution: “We’re talking about early June.”
That was just one of several examples that underscored the price of the Trump administration’s slow response to evidence as early as January that the coronavirus was headed to the United States. Ford’s timeline suggested that if the administration had reacted to the acute shortage of ventilators in February, the joint effort between Ford and General Electric might have produced lifesaving equipment about a month from now, instead of nearly by summer.
The gap between the production timelines and the need for immediate supplies led to a scathing assessment from Gov. Cuomo.
“I don’t need ventilators in six months,” he said. “And I don’t need ventilators in five months, four months or three months.”
A teenager died in Southern California, one of the youngest victims in the United States.
A person under the age of 18 died from the disease caused by the coronavirus, the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health said on Tuesday, becoming one of the youngest victims in the United States.
A Los Angeles County official who was not authorized to speak publicly on the matter indicated that a teenager had died, saying the victim “was a young person but not a very young person.”
The death in Los Angeles County, Calif., was the first known instance of a minor dying from the coronavirus in the United States. Some states, including New York, which has the most deaths in the country, have not reported the ages of most victims.
The young victim was from Lancaster, Calif., officials said. They did not provide any more details about whether the person had underlying health conditions.
“Each loss we experience in L.A. County is tragic, and we are sending our heartfelt condolences to the families and loved ones who’ve had to endure this tragedy,” Barbara Ferrer, director of the Los Angeles County Department of Public Health, said in a statement. “Covid-19 does not discriminate by age, race or income level.”
In the United States, as of Tuesday afternoon, there have been at least 52,215 cases of coronavirus confirmed by lab tests and 675 deaths, according to a New York Times database.
While the risk of dying is significantly higher in older people, C.D.C. data on nearly 2,500 of the first recorded cases in the United States has shown that younger adults made up a significant portion of coronavirus hospitalizations.
Children are also at risk. In Georgia, a 12-year-old girl who has Covid-19, the disease caused by the coronavirus, was placed on a ventilator this week.
Kentucky’s governor says a person who attended a ‘coronavirus party’ has tested positive.
“We have a positive case today from someone who attended a ‘coronavirus party,’” Gov. Andy Beshear, Democrat of Kentucky, said during a news conference from Frankfort, the state’s capital, on Tuesday afternoon. “This is one that makes me mad, and it should make you mad.”
“No more of these anywhere, statewide, ever, for any reason,” he said.
Mr. Beshear did not provide many details about the scenario, but said the party was attended by young adults in their 20s — “I guess, thinking they were invincible, flaunting the mass gathering prohibition,” he said.
“We are battling for the health and even the lives of our parents and our grandparents,” he went on. “Don’t be so callous as to intentionally go to something and expose yourself to something that can kill other people. We ought to be much better than that.”
As for the gathering, Mr. Beshear said he hoped he’d never have to report on it again.
“No more of these anywhere, statewide, ever, for any reason,” he said.
The case was one of 39 reported on Tuesday, the most Kentucky has reported in a day. Mr. Beshear noted that the state’s government does not have a lot of data at this point. Kentucky has a total of 163 known cases, he said.
The governor also announced all nonlife-sustaining businesses must close to in-person traffic effective 8 p.m. on Thursday.
The 2020 election calendar was set. Now it’s up in the air.
Primaries are postponed. Hugs are postponed. The Olympics are postponed.
The November election, everyone seems to agree, cannot be.
“We voted in the middle of a Civil War,” former Vice President Joseph R. Biden Jr., the heavy favorite for the Democratic nomination, told supporters at a tele-fundraiser on Sunday. “We voted in the middle of World War I and II. And so, the idea of postponing the electoral process is just — seems to me, out of the question.”
Already, many states have pushed their primaries into June in the hopes of waiting out the worst of the virus. Pennsylvania, slated for April 28, is likely to be next. Senator Bernie Sanders, Mr. Biden’s chief rival, has effectively converted his campaign into a pandemic policy shop and vessel for progressive activism as he confronts a significant delegate deficit. Planners for the Democratic National Convention said this week that they were assessing “contingency options” in case the July gathering cannot go on as planned.
The general election is another matter. No one in a position of relevant authority has proposed moving it, but the subject has instantly become a cause of angst for President Trump’s critics.
Even if he wished to delay the November election, the decision would appear to be out of his hands. Any change to the date would require federal legislation passed by Congress, to say nothing of challenges in the court system.
The prospect of that kind of bipartisan collaboration on an issue of this magnitude is exceedingly slim.
India’s prime minister decreed a 21-day lockdown for the country of 1.3 billion.
India, the world’s second-most populous country, will order its 1.3 billion people to stay inside their homes for three weeks to try to curb the spread of the coronavirus, Prime Minister Narendra Modi declared on Tuesday.
The extensive lockdown order was declared a day after the authorities there grounded all domestic flights.
Mr. Modi said the decree would take effect at midnight.
“There will be a total ban of coming out of your homes,” Mr. Modi said.
“Every district, every lane, every village will be under lockdown,” he said. “If you can’t handle these 21 days, this country will go back 21 years.”
“The only option is social distancing, to remain away from each other,” he said. “There is no way out to escape from coronavirus besides this.”
Left unclear was how Indians would be able to get food and other needed supplies. Mr. Modi alluded vaguely to the government and civil society groups stepping in to help, but offered no details.
Though India’s number of reported coronavirus cases remains relatively low, around 500, the fear is that if the virus hits as it has in the United States, Europe or China, it could be a disaster far bigger than anywhere else.
Mr. Modi also pledged to spend about $2 billion on medical supplies, isolation rooms, ventilators, intensive care units and training for medical personnel to combat the pandemic.
Coronavirus Map: Tracking the Global Outbreak
The virus has infected more than 410,600 people in at least 166 countries.
As the coronavirus approaches, Mexico looks the other way.
As the coronavirus pandemic moves around the globe, world leaders are scrambling to flatten the curve and save lives. But Mexico’s president, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, has been slow to adopt measures that could slow the virus’s spread.
Even as Mexico documented the first deaths from Covid-19, Mr. López Obrador declined to restrict international travel and encouraged people to leave their homes to eat at restaurants.
“You shouldn’t give in to the panic and psychosis,” he said during a morning press briefing last week. “Not to overdo it, because it affects the economy if we make a hasty and rash decision.”
As of last Friday, the streets of Mexico City were still bustling with shoppers and workers. Few wore masks.
Stephanie Yap strolled with two fellow flight attendants near the Paseo de la Reforma. They had arrived in Mexico City the night before, after stopping in several U.S. cities.
“It’s refreshing for us because we’re coming from a place that’s taking extreme precautions,” Ms. Yap said. “We are on a petri dish most of the time, so I might already be exposed — more likely on the plane already than here.”
Mexico, with its densely populated cities and high rates of poverty, obesity and diabetes, could be particularly vulnerable to the coronavirus pandemic. Some doctors are already seeing a rise in Covid-19 patients and are hoping that it’s not too late to prevent a catastrophe on par with Italy.
Democrats near a deal with the White House on the stimulus package.
Top Democrats and Trump administration officials said they were optimistic about finalizing an agreement on Tuesday on a roughly $2 trillion economic stabilization plan to respond to the pandemic, after striking a tentative deal to add oversight requirements for a $500 billion government bailout fund for distressed companies.
“We’re looking forward to closing a bipartisan deal today,” Steven Mnuchin, the Treasury secretary, told reporters as he arrived on Capitol Hill for a round of meetings on Tuesday morning.
Speaker Nancy Pelosi said there was “real optimism that we could get something done in the next few hours” after Democrats won crucial concessions from the Trump administration.
In an interview on CNBC, she said the emerging deal would include strict oversight over the bailout fund, including installing an inspector general to monitor it, as well as what Ms. Pelosi described as a congressional panel “appointed by us to provide constraint.” The measures are similar to those put in place as part of the Troubled Asset Relief Program, the centerpiece of the Wall Street bailout enacted in 2008 to respond to the financial meltdown.
Democrats had balked at a version of the stimulus measure drafted by Republicans that they were concerned would give the Treasury secretary too much latitude in deciding which companies could receive the funds, and allow him to delay revealing the recipients until six months after the loans were disbursed. They said it would have created a secretive government slush fund controlled by the president and his top advisers, rather than a closely monitored program accountable to taxpayers.
The agreement was not yet final, and Eric Ueland, the White House legislative affairs director, said staff aides were reviewing the package page by page to nail down final details.
The Tokyo Olympics will be delayed until 2021.
The Summer Olympics in Tokyo will be postponed until 2021 because of the coronavirus pandemic.
Prime Minister Shinzo Abe of Japan asked Thomas Bach, the president of the International Olympic Committee, for the postponement and he agreed “100 percent,” Mr. Abe told reporters.
Tuesday’s decision came after months of internal discussion and mounting pressure from nations and athletes across the world who had urged that the Games, the world’s largest sporting event, be postponed. Government lockdowns to control the pandemic had shut down qualifying tournaments, closed training facilities and kept athletes sequestered at home.
The postponement came after Olympics officials in the United States, which sends the largest delegations of athletes to the Games, urged a postponement, echoing other influential Olympic committees.
Only wars have previously led to such vast changes for the Olympics in 1916, 1940 and 1944.
Philippine and Thai leaders grab for emergency powers, raising concerns about potential abuse.
President Rodrigo Duterte of the Philippines has been granted sweeping emergency powers to combat the coronavirus, triggering fears in a nation that spent the 1970s and ’80s under brutal martial law.
Mr. Duterte, who has drawn international rebuke for his bloody and ruthless war on drugs, said he needed the powers granted to him in the legislation to address the crisis and unlock some $5.4 billion.
An earlier version of the bill would have allowed Mr. Duterte’s government to take over privately owned businesses. While the version that passed on Tuesday was scaled back, some legislators have worried that Mr. Duterte will abuse the public funds.
On Tuesday, Prime Minister Prayuth Chan-ocha of Thailand declared a state of emergency, effective on Thursday, to combat the coronavirus, raising similar concerns about a potential abuse of power. Mr. Prayuth, a retired general who led an army coup in 2014, gave himself the authority to impose curfews, censor the media and prevent people from leaving their homes.
And in China, the province of Hubei, where the coronavirus pandemic began in late December, will on Wednesday begin allowing most of its 60 million residents to leave — ending nearly two months of lockdown and send a strong signal of the government’s confidence that its tough measures have worked to control the outbreak.
Wuhan, the provincial capital and the city hardest hit by the virus, will remain sealed off until April 8, though public transportation there will start running again within 24 hours, the government said.
Reporting and research were contributed by Michael Cooper, Alan Blinder, Karen Zraick, Jenny Gross, Maya Salam, Brent McDonald, Matt Flegenheimer, Annie Karni, Motoko Rich, Choe Sang-Hun, Ellen Gabler, Elisabetta Povoledo, Thomas Gibbons-Neff, Manny Fernandez, Carol Rosenberg, Alan Yuhas, Patricia Mazzei, Jesse McKinley, Shane Goldmacher, Jonah Engel Bromwich, Rick Gladstone, Vindu Goel, Jeffrey Gettleman, Kai Schultz, Mujib Mashal, Fahim Abed, Declan Walsh, Hannah Beech, Abdi Latif Dahir, Jason Gutierrez, Raphael Minder, Elian Peltier, Jenny Gross, Julie Hirschfeld Davis, Natalie Kitroeff, Megan Specia, Marc Santora, Iliana Magra, Melissa Eddy, Jason Gutierrez, Hannah Beech, Tiffany May, Sui-Lee Wee, Nicholas Fandos, Sabrina Tavernise, Thomas Fuller, Tim Arango, Jo Becker, John Eligon, Tariq Panja, Thomas Kaplan, Caitlin Dickerson, Miriam Jordan, Annie Correal, Somini Sengupta, Mikayla Bouchard, Gina Kolata, Jennifer Steinhauer, Matt Phillips, Noam Scheiber, Mike Isaac, Sheera Frenkel and Michael Powell.